May 19, 2015 by Anonymous
As we age, bruising becomes more common. Blood vessels and skin of older people is more fragile, allowing even a minor bump to cause significant bruising at times. While all of us bruise more easily as we get older, certain medications and medical conditions can heighten the problem as well. Because bruising is a frequent issue for seniors, it is essential to understand how to prevent and treat them effectively.
The best way to prevent senior bruising it to make their home as safe a place as possible. Evaluate the home for sharp corners, tripping hazards, and awkwardly placed furniture. Look for anything that might easily become an obstacle as they move through the home. The installation of safety equipment can also help. Nonskid mats, grab bars, and a walker or cane provide necessary assistance in avoiding injury.
If a senior in your care does become bruised, it is possible that they will experience severe looking bruises from a minor impact. However, this is not always the case. In situations where you think a loved one may be the victim of abuse from a caregiver, take steps to protect their health. Consistent, unexplained bruising and those that appear to be in the form of finger impressions should be reported to authorities.
Treatment of senior bruising is essential because their bruises may take weeks to heal on their own. If your natural instinct is to reach for a soothing heat pad, ignore this impulse. A cold compress on the bruise as quickly as possible following the injury is the most effective treatment that you can give. There is no way to stop the bruise or have much effect on its rate of healing, but a cold compress can minimize the initial damage. Because it reduces the blood flow reaching the newly bruised area, the cold can reduce the size and severity of the bruise and minimize inflammation.
Bruises that are significant in size and occur on the leg or foot should be kept elevated as much as possible to reduce the risk of clotting. Also consider the medications that your loved one is taking and whether they might have adverse effects on bruising. If they are prescribed blood thinners or have any type of blood clotting problem, seek the advice of their physician when bruises occur.
Large bruises that appear without any known explanation should be reported to a doctor. These may be signs of an underlying problem or blood clotting condition. Small bruises might occur without your loved one being sure how they caused them, but large bruises without cause deserve further investigation.
When caring for a senior loved one, bruising is likely to occur. As we age, our body is more delicate and bruises more easily. With careful prevention, prompt treatment, and alertness to underlying issues, you can keep your loved one healthy and happy.